Mint ( Fudino)
Mint comes in many varieties, from the well-known peppermint and spearmint to exotic chocolate or pineapple mint.
The mint we use for Desi cooking is Spearmint.
Mint is one of the easiest plants in the garden to propagate and can be done several different ways. In fact, it’s so easy to propagate mint that it sometimes propagates itself and spreads like wildfire.
Growing Mint outdoors is easy and as this is a vigorous grower and a perennial it will come up year after year with more and more vigor and will easily take over your yard and appear in unexpected places just like a weed. It is best to grow mint outdoors in a big planter to keep it from spreading.
Growing and planting mint indoors is easy. You can find mint growing indoors in a pot of soil or even in a bottle of water.
For starters, you need a container with adequate drainage for healthy plant growth. Pot up your mint plant with a good potting mix. Water the mint plant well after planting and place it in an area with indirect light, preferably an east-facing window during spring and summer or a west- or south-facing one in fall and winter. You’ll also want to locate your mint plant in an area with an indoor temperature of around 65-70 F. (18-21 C.) during the day and 55-60 F. (13-15 C.) at night.
Water when the top 1 inch of the soil feels dry. Do not over water or leave the plant in standing water. All plants love humidity, so mist the plant with a spray bottle or keep a tray of water nearby especially in winter when indoor air gets very dry.
Fertilizing mint is not really necessary but it will help your mint grow better initially. A weak solution of all purpose fertilizer once a month should be enough. It is necessary to pinch off the flowers to encourage a bushier plant with more leaves.
Transplant your plant into a bigger pot, 1 size up every year with fresh potting mix to keep a never-ending supply of mint at hand.
If you wish to grow mint plants in water, simply take the top cuttings of about 5 to 6 inches in length from an established mint plant. Remove the bottom leaves and place the cuttings in a water-filled glass or bottle. Set this in a sunny window with at least four to six hours of light each day. Change the water every 3-4 days. When you see a 4-5 health roots it is ready to pot it in soil. Keep your new plants warm, moist and in bright light for about a month to establish it in its new pot.